Još
Dodatno

Ukucajte željeni termin u pretragu i pritisnite ENTER

Rešena viševekovna misterija: Kako su statue na Uskršnjim ostrvima dobile kape?

Zašto i kako su crvene kape, teške 12 tona dospele na kipove visoke četiri metra, nešto je što već dugo muči naučnike. Sada najzad imaju odgovor...

 Izvor: Foto: Shutterstock

Description: Jean-François de Galoup, Comte de La Pérouse (August 23, 1741-1788) was a French explorer and naval officer. In 1785, the King of France commissioned La Perouse to head an expedition to explore the Pacific Ocean, to investigate whaling and fur prospects, and to establish French claims in this area. La Pérouse had admired the explorer James Cook, and wanted to continue his work.

La Perouse was assigned two 500-ton ships called the Astrolabe and the Boussole. His crew of 114 included sailors, scientists, a physicist, three draftsmen, three naturalists, clergymen, and a mathematician. They left France in August, 1785.

La Perouse mapped the west coast of North America in 1786, and visited Easter Island and Hawaii. His ships reached the west coast of Alaska in 1786 and did extensive mapping of the North American west coast from Alaska to Monterey, California.

Next La Pérouse landed at Botany Bay (Port Jackson), Australia, before heading for the Solomon Islands. La Pérouse took the opportunity to send his journals, some charts and also some letters back to Europe with a British naval ship. He wrote that he expected to be back in France by June 1789, however neither he, nor any of his men, were seen again. Fortunately the valuable written documents that he dispatched with the Sirius from the in-progress expedition were returned to Paris, where they were published posthumously.

Both of La Perouse's ships were lost in a storm close to the Solomons in 1788. No survivors were ever found. Software:Adobe Photoshop CS5 Windows Created: 2015:06:05 11:42:30
Izvor: Profimedia/Shutterstock Foto: Profimedia

Pretpostavlja se da je to tačno, pošto je takvo kamenje, oko 70 komada, nađeno na putu od tog kamenoloma prema statuama. 

Da bi 12 tona teško kamenje podigli na kip, graditelji su koristili rampe. Savremene metode primene fotogrametrije i 3D tehnoligije ukazuju na udubljenja na bazi kamenja koja sugerišu da kape nisu mogle jednostavno da se guraju rampom.

Umesto toga, naučnici tvrde da su preko velikih rampi, na vrh uspravnih kipova, kape kotrljane pomoću kanapa kakve i danas koristimo za podizanje teških tereta. Rotaciona poluga omogućavla im je da teške predmete do rampe dižu relativno lako. Za obavljanje tog procesa, tvrde naučnici, trebalo je manje od 15 snažnih radnika. 

USKRŠNJE OSTRVO: Rešena jedna od velikih misterija najizolovanijeg mesta na svetu

Zašto su sve to radili, ostaje nepoznato. Većina naučnika veruje da su kape korišćene za razlikovanje kipova ili označavanje određenog statusa, piše Telegram, a prenosi B92

Pretpostavlja se da su oni sa kapama bili višeg statusa i imali veću važnost u obrednim ceremonijama. Smatra se da kape predstavljaju kosu umotanu na temenu glave. 

Jedno je, međutim, sigurno. Stavljanje kape na vrh kipa nije bilo ni malo lak zadatak i sigurno je za graditelje imalo veoma duboko značenje.

Komentari 0

Vaš komentar je uspešno poslat i postaće vidljiv čim ga naši administratori odobre.

Slanje komentara nije uspelo.

Nevalidna CAPTCHA

Inicijalizacija u toku...

Najnovije

Priroda

Nauka